老凤凰娱乐在哪里下载 考官更倾向听到的口语句型—后置定语

2020-01-11 15:15:34   【浏览】2314

老凤凰娱乐在哪里下载 考官更倾向听到的口语句型—后置定语

老凤凰娱乐在哪里下载,口语分数6up是很多烤鸭心中的目标分数,那么大家有没有答出考官认可的回答呢。雅思口语考试中,你只需要搞定考官即可啊!来来来,咱们来看看如何抓住考官的心。

其实短短的10分钟左右的雅思口语考试,考官要通过词汇,语法,发音,流利度和连贯性来考察你对英语的灵活应用程度。所以如何灵活地使用句子(语法的准确性和多样性)会是你抓住考官的心的关键,是你高分的必然。

那么,很多烤鸭都听到过定语从句,强调句,虚拟语气啊,那么今天小编给大家讲解的是比这更吸引他的——后置定语!如果你能更地道更灵活地运用后置定语的表达,那么你觉得会是6up的高分啦。

啥是后置定语呢?

定语是作为进一步描述某一个事物或是事件的形容词,一般放在名词或是名词性短语前面或是后面的位置来作补充说明。那么,后置定语就是把定语放在名词或是名词性短语的后面啦!像我们常见的定语从句,用一个完整的句子来补充描述名词或是名词性短语。

在英语中,定语的位置一般比较固定,单个词作定语时, 多置于其所修饰的名词之前;短语和从句作定语时一般置于被修饰的名词之后,我们称之为的后置定语。

for example:

i have something interesting(定语后置) to tell you. 这是我们常见的后置定语。

那么,你需要在啥时候来运用后置定语呢?

1)当你所描述的事物或时间有很多个形容部分,比如描述某一个人物:年纪,外貌,高度,如果你都把这些放在某一个单词的前面,就会显得有点语序不清,而且有点冗长,所以这个时候可以考虑把一些修饰放在该名词的后面。

2)我们在日常说话的时候,总是突然想到一些补充,很想加入这个句子,那么这个时候你就需要考虑用后置定语的方式加入。

3)很多人比较适应讲一个简单句,那么想那6up的分数,是远远不够的,需要你拓展句子,将句子稍微加长,那么我也不是很希望把一个句子加得很长很长,把所有的能加的句型都加上,其实后置定语是个很不错的选择,不是很长,但是又能展现语法维度嘛。

后置定语的运用

后置定语很符合西方人说话的逻辑,在看大片的时候,你都能看到长长的句子,其实很多都是后置定语成分。来来来,我们来学习一下其用法,方便小烤鸭们更好地理解和运用。大致分成了三大类:

单个词作定语后置的情况

1、以a-开头的表示状态的形容词,一般在句子中当表语成份,但作定语时须后置,类似的形容词有:alive, asleep, alike, alone. awake, aware, ashamed, adrift, ablaze, absent, afraid, available等如:

he spoke like a man afraid.他说话的时候像是很害怕似的。

tom was the only boy awake at that time.那时汤姆是唯一醒着的男孩。

the house ablaze is next door to mine. 那着火的房子就在我家隔壁。

2、部分表示方位、处所、时间副词作定语。如here, there, above, below, upstairs. downstairs. outside, inside, around. today, nearby 等常作后置定语。如:

a boy outside is waiting for you.

people there are very friendly.

the man upstairs is making a noise.

3、形容词修饰复合不定代词时应后置

i have something important to tell you.

there is nothing serious.

there is nobody suitable for the job.

4、else 只作后置定语,修饰疑问词或不定代词。

when else shall we meet again, if friday is not convenient for you?

ask someone else to help you if david is not free.

who else can we turn to?

5、left 和remaining 都表示有“剩下的”的意思,但left只作后置定语。如:

there is five minutes left.

remaining应作前置定语。如:

the lady bought a gift for her daughter as a birthday gift with the remaining 30 dollars.

6、involved意为“有牵连的”,“涉及到的”,只作后置定语,如:the problems involved.

7、有些词既可作前置定语,也可作后置定语。如:

possible, enough, more(另外,附加的)proper

i don’t have wine enough for five persons (后置)at the moment

=i don’t have enough(前置) wine for five persons at the moment.

they thought about all the means possible(= possible means)

today i will have to write two letters more(= two more letters)

8、有些词既可当作前置定语又可当后置定语,但含义不一样。

如:used, concerned, present

all the people present(在场的)voted for him.

present situation is serious.(目前的,现在的)

all parties concerned(有关的)are present.

concerned (忧虑的)parents held a meeting.

the method used is very efficient (运用的,使用的)

this is a used bike.(旧的)

短语作后置定语

1、介词短语、副词短语、形容词短语等用作后置定语。

如 the man in the car is jim’s father. (介词短语)

he made a report on modern science (介词短语)

a friend in need is a friend indeed(介词短语)

i live in a village far from here(副词短语)

he cast it a second time, and drew in an old basket full of sand (形容词短语)

2、不定式用作后置定语。如:

would you like something to drink

what do you plan to do in the year to come

the building to be built was designed by mr wang. =the building which will be built was designed by mr wang. (相当一个定语从句)

3、不定式经常用作一些名词的后置定语,常见的这类名词有way,chance, opportunity, courage, time, week, wish, need, promise, plan, right.如:

you have no right to speak

if i have the chance to go abroad i’ll never let it go.

4、一般来讲,谓语动词能接不定式当宾语,当这类动词转化为名词时,也接不定式当后置定语。如:

you promised to write us regularly.(不定式当宾语)

you haven’t kept your promise to write us regularly.(不定式当后置定语)

he planned to start a company (不定式当宾语)

he told me his plan to start a company. (不定式当后置定语)

5、分词作定语。单个分词一般作前置定语,而分词短语作后置定语,此时可以转化相应的定语从句。

①the old man has a walking stick(动名词当定语表示用途)

②can you see the falling leaves in the sky. (现在分词当定语表示动作进行)

③deer don’t like eating fallen leaves (过去分词当定语表示动作完成)

④the man running on the playground is our english teacher.(现在分词当后置定语,与被修饰词存在主动关系)

=the man who is running on the playground is our english teacher.

⑤do you know the girl dancing in the center?

⑥the food cooked by my mother was delicious.(过去分词当后置语与被修饰词存在动作的完成与被动关系)

=the food which was cooked by my mother was delicious.

⑦the building built was designed by mr warg.

=the building which was built was designed by mr wang.

⑧there were over 300 people trapped above the fire.

⑨the building being built was designed by mr wang.(过去分词的进行式作后置定语表示与被修饰词存在动作的被动且正在进行)

=the building which is being built was designed by mr wang.

从句作定语都是后置

一个句子修饰某个名词或代词,我们称之为定语从句,定语从句可分为限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句,非限制性定语从句常用逗号隔开,表示补充说明。

in the north where it is cold, they grow wheat.

i will never forget the day, on which i joined the party.

i know the only route that leads to the top of the mountain.

i found some photos of interesting places which were not too far away from cheng du.

the sun, which had hidden all day, now came out in all its splendors.

通过以上我们对后置定语的系统理解和认识,尤其是不定式,分词以及从句当后置定语的领会,应多分析,多朗读这类句子,学会好好利用这些表达,在口语中应用惟妙惟肖,那么你就能抓住考官的先了,6up也是你的囊中之物哈。

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